WHAT CONSTITUTES PRESIDENTIAL ELIGIBILITY?
by Sharon Rondeau
(Jan. 24, 2019) — At approximately 11:45 AM EST on Thursday, PPSimmons, a media outlet cofounded by radio host Carl Gallups, tweeted that Obama birth certificate lead investigator Mike Zullo will appear on Gallups’s “Freedom Friday” show on January 25.
The broadcast airs from 5 PM to 7 PM EST/4 PM to 6 PM CST every Friday on WEBY radio and on Gallups’s website.
Under the authority of the Maricopa County (AZ) Sheriff’s Office, Zullo conducted a five-year criminal investigation into the origins of the “long-form” birth certificate image posted by the Obama White House on April 27, 2011, finding it to be a “computer-generated forgery.”
The media was swift to dismiss Zullo’s reports, provided in three different press conferences over the life of the probe, and concluding with the revelation that two outside forensics experts working separately and without knowledge of one another reached similar determinations about the image.
In August, Zullo said on-air that two intelligence sources told him it is “an open secret” that Obama was born outside the U.S. and does not meet the definition of “natural born Citizen.”
In November, Zullo said that very highly-placed “White House officials have had a cursory briefing of the information that we garnered about the certificate.”
PPSimmons’s lead-in refers to an article in Business Insider published Tuesday which reported that CNN’s Chris Cuomo suggested that recently-announced Democratic presidential candidate Kamala Harris take early steps to disprove Internet claims that she is not eligible for the office and more specifically, to prove she “was born in the US in order to avoid trouble later down the campaign trail.”
While the junior senator from California’s claimed birth in Oakland in October 1964 is not disputed to this writer’s knowledge, the question as to whether or not her birthplace alone renders her a “natural born Citizen” as required by Article II, Section 1, clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution to serve as president, is sufficient given that she was born to two legally-domiciled foreign citizens.
The other two requirements for the presidency are that the candidate must be at least 35 years old and have 14 years’ residency within the U.S., qualifications which Harris meets given the length of her prior public service in California.
The Post & Email has raised the same question as to the presidential eligibility of former candidates Bobby Jindal, Marco Rubio, Ted Cruz, John McCain, and Barack Hussein Obama. Decades ago, the same question was raised about Lowell P. Weicker, George Romney, and Barry Goldwater; for Christopher Schurmann in 1896 and Charles Evans Hughes in 1916.
Politifact, Media Matters and other outlets have attempted to disparage statements, speculation and research questioning Harris’s eligibility, equating it to those who questioned Obama’s eligibility allegedly out of “racism.” In its article, BI wrote that “an alt-right conspiracy theorist and provocateur” made the claim that Harris is ineligible “because her father, a Jamaican immigrant, and her mother, an Indian immigrant, were not legal residents for five years before her birth.”
A more modern interpretation of the “natural born Citizen” clause is that a simple birth on U.S. soil meets the requirement, regardless of the contemporaneous citizenship of the parents. However, history shows that the parents’ citizenship was taken into account when determining whether or not a child was “natural born,” including by the U.S. Supreme Court.
“The theory also suggested that Harris cannot run for president because she spent part of her childhood in Canada. Regardless of her parents’ immigration status at the time of her birth, Harris has the right to run for president because she was born in the US (Oakland, California), a right protected by Article 2, Section 1, of the US Constitution,” BI further wrote without citing outside research or experts.
Harris spent virtually all of her childhood in Canada, reportedly attending a French-speaking school upon moving to Montréal at age 7 with her mother and sister. The CBC reports that Harris “attended high school in Montreal” “from Grade 7 to Grade 11” but also that she graduated from Westmount High School.
Harris’s Senate website implies that she was raised in Oakland, where the senator and former California attorney general claims to have experienced “a stroller-eye view of the Civil Rights movement.”
Harris’s office has not responded to this publication’s inquiries as to the status of her parents when she was born. As her birth occurred prior to either parent having resided in the United States for five years, as is required to apply for U.S. citizenship, it is a virtual certainty that her parents were foreign citizens at that time.
Her father reportedly naturalized, although his biography does not report when.
Some might argue that while the mainstream media is quick to disseminate unvetted information if it fits a particular agenda, it is just as quick to conceal, misreport, or criticize information without investigating it independently. In regard to the presidential eligibility question, the media often conflates the 14th Amendment, passed decades after the Constitution was ratified, and the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Wong Kim Ark to argue that a birth on U.S. soil unequivocally makes one “natural born.”
Some have asked whether or not that the passage of the 14th Amendment “nullified” the “natural born Citizen” clause.
Update, 1:43 p.m.: Minutes after publication, Gallups provided the following comment on tomorrow night’s show, referring to the BI article:
Mike and I will be discussing this story – as it relates to the years of ongoing (and previously reported) attempts by congress to change the constitutional status of “natural born.” They did this even before BHO ran for office. We feel there has been a subversive plan in the works for a soft coup against our nation for several decades. This latest “slip” by the fake news media backfired on them. We will talk about all this and how it relates, most deeply, to the BHO fake birth certificate – and the criminal investigation that has proven it to be a fake.
Sharon Rondeau has operated The Post & Email since April 2010, focusing on the Obama birth certificate investigation and other government corruption news. She has reported prolifically on constitutional violations within Tennessee’s prison and judicial systems.