by Jane Bate and Bryan Hermansdorfer, ©2021
(May 13, 2021) — [Editor’s Note: Read the previous installments in this series here.]
The basics of jihad are covered in section o9 of the Reliance of the Traveller, an authoritative compendium of sharia, Islamic law. “Jihad means to war against non-Muslims…to establish the religion” [of Islam].
o9.1 opens with “Jihad is a communal obligation,” and “he who provides the equipment for a soldier in jihad has himself performed jihad.”
o9.2 lists the exemptions from performing jihad – illness, etc.
o9.3 stipulates that “Jihad is also obligatory for everyone able to perform it, male or female, old or young, when the enemy has surrounded the Muslims…”
o9.4 through o9.7 detail those who are and are not allowed to wage jihad, and what permission is necessary to do so.
o9.8 – o9.9 deal with the objectives of, and conditions for, jihad. Before declaring jihad on the enemy, Muslims must first “invite” them to become Muslim; if the non-Muslims refuse, they must pay the Muslims the non-Muslim poll tax (“jizya”) as the Barbary pirates did in the early days of America (which is the reason Thomas Jefferson bought a Quran; he needed to understand the enemy). If the non-Muslims also refuse to pay the jizya, the Muslims may then declare jihad.
There are many other details written in the ROTT regarding jihad, but one that non-Muslims must know is that women and children may be taken captive and become slaves. A woman’s existing marriage becomes annulled; that should need no explanation.
Another important point needs to be made here: Muslims pay a zakat, analogous to a tithe, 1/8 of which helps fund jihad.
In Part 3 of our overview of jihad, we will examine CAIR (Council on American Islamic Relations, which is a powerful arm of the Muslim Brotherhood), and how they and others conduct modern day jihad in western nations.