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THE FALLACY OF TWO-PARTY POLITICS
by Dr. Thomas E. Davis, Col., USA (Ret.)
(May 15, 2016) — [Editor’s Note: The following is Part 1 of a new book currently being written by World War II veteran and columnist Dr. Thomas E. Davis, Col., USA (Ret.)]
4:22 AM, March 16, 2014
I have just awakened from the most disturbing night’s attempt to sleep that I can recall. My country is on the verge of destruction, not by war, celestial cataclysm, pestilence or earthly catastrophe but from within her very being.
My senses have brought me to one unalterable conclusion; we have gone into a mortal, mental lethargic state. We the People have been poisoned by the hired hands. The poison is muted and yet ominously palpable. It has been stalking us for over four hundred years, as a carnivorous feline stalks its prey. Who or what is this nebulous, unseen yet perceivable entity?
This danger about which we were warned by our Founding Fathers. The mortal danger is the most insidious of all dangers. Its name is “factionalism.” In the most simple terms, as defined by Roget’s 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition, Copyright ©2013 by the Philip Lief Group., factionalism is “self-interested; partisan: Factional interests had obstructed justice.”
The venerable John Adams said: “There is nothing which I dread so much as a division of the republic into two great parties, each arranged under its leader, and concerting measures in opposition to each other. This, in my humble apprehension, is to be dreaded as the greatest political evil under our Constitution.
In his farewell address, George Washington said: “The alternate domination of one faction over another, sharpened by the spirit of revenge, natural to party dissension, which in different ages and countries has perpetrated the most horrid enormities, is itself a frightful despotism. But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism. The disorders and miseries, which result, gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of Public Liberty”….
And lastly, Thomas Jefferson had this to say: “I never submitted the whole system of my opinions to the creed of any party of men whatever, in religion, in philosophy, in politics, or in anything else, where I was capable of thinking for myself. Such an addiction is the last degradation of a free and moral agent. If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all.” –Thomas Jefferson to Francis Hopkinson, 1789. Bolding is mine. Author
Though George Washington and John Adams adhered to the Federalist (constitutional) form of government, the Federalist never formalized that concept into a political party per se. The party system in reality began under the administration of our third president, Thomas Jefferson, who most likely never intended for a party system to evolve into the garbage we have today.
The political party system came to fruition as “The Democratic party and its program emerged in stages out of the largely personal following that had elected Andrew Jackson president in 1828.”
The Jacksonian Democrats anointed themselves as Jefferson’s true heirs, standing for simple, frugal and unobtrusive government. This brand of Democrats opposed government bank charters since such measures aided the rich, privileged and idle, thus pitting the aristocracy against the working poor. Further, they were insistent upon strict separation of church and state, though such was not the intent of the founders.
To Jackson, Americans were of the white race exclusively, he was a slaveholder, considering blacks as chattel property and Native Americans had no right to live among white Americans. Jackson was, to say it politely, a brute. In 1814 at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River in Alabama, Jackson’s forces annihilated the Red Stick or Northern Creek Indians. He ordered that the noses of the dead, some 800 men, women and children be cut off as a tally count.
During Jackson’s eight years in office he ordered the removal of all Indians to lands west of the Mississippi River into what is now Oklahoma. The removal was not only brutal, it was inhumane, an act for which he should have been impeached. Jackson was adamant in his declaration that, “The Majority Rules.” He was also a believer in the “Spoils System” meaning, “to the victors belong the spoils.” This latter was no more apparent than when one of his appointees, William Swartwout, absconded with over one million dollars, fled to England, where no attempt was made to extradite him. That million dollars constituted about half the annual federal budget, a monumental sum in the early 19th century.
Other Jacksonian Democrats were Martin Van Buren, Jackson’s successor, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan our 15th president and last Jacksonian Democrat before Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican.
We now take a leap forward to 1912 and the presidential campaign featuring the Governor of New Jersey, the Democrat and Socialist, Woodrow Wilson, who was elected 28th President without being thoroughly vetted. He enjoyed phenomenal early successes in getting his legislation through Congress. The first was the Underwood Act establishing lower tariffs, attached to which was a rider instituting a “Graduated Federal Income Tax,” followed by the Federal Reserve Act and legislation establishing the Federal Trade Commission. Things were moving beautifully until….
Shortly after Wilson’s first inauguration he received a welcome visitor to the White House. Wilson knew the visitor as an attorney with a prominent New York City law firm who had made significant donations to Wilson’s presidential campaign. The attorney was Samuel Untermeyer, who was on a mission that would prove devastating to Wilson and ultimately to America. Untermeyer presented Wilson with a packet of letters that Wilson admitted he had written.
During his tenure at Princeton, Wilson had carried on an illicit affair with the wife of his neighbor, a Professor Peck. Mrs. Peck, divorced from her husband, was suing Wilson for Breach of Promise to the tune of $40,000. Wilson told Untermeyer that he did not have that much money. Untermeyer, a very wealthy man, offered to pay the money in return for a promise by Wilson to appoint an individual of Untermeyer’s choice to the United States Supreme Court at the first opportunity. Wilson agreed.
World War I began in 1914 in Europe caused primarily by tensions over territories in the Balkans. At issue also was the question of Palestine and the German belief that Britain would remain neutral. Britain warned Germany that if Germany attacked France, Britain would intervene on behalf of France. A plethora of détentes, treaties, agreements, accords, etc. existed in Europe in the early part of the 20th century and an Arms Race was in progress between Germany, Austro-Hungary and Russia. These conditions lead historian and author of “The Arming of Europe and the Making of the First World War,” David G. Herrmann, to write, “Windows of opportunity for victorious wars” were closing, and “the arms race did precipitate the First World War.” If Archduke Franz Ferdinand had been assassinated in 1904 or even in 1911, Herrmann speculates, ‘there might have been no war.”
An abbreviated timeline – Start of World War I
- June 28 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary’s throne, and his wife, Sophie, are assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip while the couple were visiting Sarajevo.
- July 28 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
- August 1 – Germany declares war on Russia.
- August 3 – Germany declares war on France.
- August 4 – The United Kingdom declares war on Germany, after Germany invades Belgium.
- August 6 – Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia declares war on Germany.
- August 26 – The Battle of Tannenberg begins.
- August 19 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson announces the U.S. will remain neutral.
1916 Presidential election
Wilson campaigns on a promise to keep America out of the European conflict using the wobbly slogan, “He kept us out of war,” war being the conflict in Europe that was actually already won by Germany and her allies. Desiring a decisive victory, Britain had hoped to get America into the war. Germany had made no demands on Britain. Germany knew that Britain depended on imports to survive, but Germany controlled the shipping lanes. Stalemate!
According to their agreement, when an opening on the Supreme Court came about, Wilson nominated a well-known and respected lawyer, Louis Brandeis, to fill the position. Brandeis was duly confirmed and the two became fast friends. Wilson, true to form, knew next to nothing about Brandeis or he may have been somewhat more cautious. Brandeis was an ardent and zealous Zionist with intentions of doing that which was necessary to obtain Palestine as the newest home for the world’s displaced Jews, a magnanimous cause to which he devoted most of his time and energy.
It soon became apparent that Britain needed American aid if the war was to be won.
The effort to win World War I and to make progress in the Zionist’s desire to obtain Palestine for the world’s wandering Jews became a convoluted and treacherous undertaking. The British in order to lure emancipated Jews living in German to aid the allied cause, prepared a document known as the Balfour Declaration which promised Palestine to the Zionists when the war was won. Just one little problem remained: “how to get America into the war.” Lie to their gullible president!
Who will tell the lie to Wilson? Justice Louis Brandeis, that’s who. Wilson was a setup; the consummate Socialist had visions of a “League of Nations” in which, of course, he would be a leading and powerful figure.
Brandeis, as was his usual practice, walked into Wilson’s office and announced that a German submarine had torpedoed and sunk the SS Sussex in the English Channel with the loss of 38 American lives. Brandeis stated to Wilson, “That is sufficient to declare war on Germany.” Wilson took the bait hook, line and sinker without attempting to verify the facts, and on April 6, 1917 went before Congress and asked that America declare war on the Germans and their allies.
Even the Congress failed to check the facts, and America sent 320,518 young men to their deaths or terrible wounds.
In January 1918 Wilson again went before Congress “to enunciate American war aims–the Fourteen Points, the last of which would establish “A general association of nations…affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.” (The League of Nations).
The United States NEVER joined the League of Nations.